Position Paper on Mercury

The Technical Report of the European Air Quality Directive on Mercury

Funded by: European Commission-DG Environment

Download “The Position Paper on Mercury”

Ambiente

20 mesi

Concluso

The Position Paper on Mercury is a Technical Report prepared by a number of experts nominated by Member States and the European Commission-DG Environment as part of the “Working Group on Mercury”. It will be the scientific background of the new European Air Quality Directive on Mercury . It fulfils the requirement of the Council Directive on Ambient Air Quality Assessment and Management, better known as the Framework Directive (FD) (Council Directive, 1996) and it is aimed to support the preparation of the Daughter Directives (DD) as reported in Art. 2 of the FD. The Position Paper (PP) on mercury is based on state-of-the-art knowledge of European sources (natural and anthropogenic) and major processes/mechanisms that influence the cycle of mercury in Europe and in the global environment, and ultimately its impact on human health, following the requirement of an integrated approach to the protection of air, water and soil ecosystems as dictated in Art. 7.2 of the FD.

The Position Paper on Mercury is structured in seven chapters that report on natural and anthropogenic emissions of mercury on local and regional scales in Europe (Chapter-2) and provides an overview of Best Available Technology (BAT) that can be used to reduce the emission to the atmosphere (Chapter-7). An introduction on major issues related to mercury pollution in Europe and its impact on human health and the environment is reported in Chapter-1. A detailed presentation of major chemical and physical processes involved in the dynamic of mercury in the atmosphere and modeling techniques currently available in Europe to assess spatial and temporal patterns of ambient concentrations and deposition fluxes are discussed in Chapter-3, whereas monitoring and analytical techniques along with ambient concentration data currently available for gaseous and particulate mercury observed at industrial, urban and rural areas in Europe are presented in Chapter-4.

Detailed information on major exposure patterns to elemental mercury and mercury compounds (organic and inorganic) are discussed in Chapter-5 , whereas Chapter-6 reports on the risk associated to mercury exposure for major population groups in Europe. The Position Paper on Mercury has been approved by the Steering Board of the Clean Air For Europe (CAFE) -DG Environment during its session held in Brussels on 8-9 October 2001 and it is now available on the European Commission-DG Environment official web site as reported above.

 

Partnership

  • CNR-Institute for Atmospheric Pollution (CNR-IIA) – ITALY – COORDINATORE
  • Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL) – SWEDEN
  • Department of Occupational Medicine – Sahlgrenska Universitetssjukhuset – SWEDEN
  • Landesamt für Umweltschutz Sachsen-Anhalt – GERMANY
  • GKSS-Research Centre – Institute of Hydrophysics – Model Systems Unit (GMS) – GERMANY
  • Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria
  • Instituto de Salud Carlos III – SPAIN
  • University of Aarhus – DENMARK
  • Institute of Public Health – DENMARK
  • Department of Environmental Sciences – Jozef Stefan Institute
  • EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENT BUREAU (EEB)
  • EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENT AGENCY (EEA) – Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU) – NORWAY
  • JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE (JRC)
  • WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION (WHO) – Unit of Environmental Cancer Epidemiology
    International Agency for Research on Cancer
  • EUROPEAN COMMISSION-DG ENVIRONMENT
Nicola Pirrone

Nicola Pirrone

Project Coordinator

email: pirrone@iia.cnr.it

Gruppo di lavoro

Dr. John Munthe

SWEDEN

Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL)
Box 47086
S – 402 58 Göteborg

Prof. Lars Barregård

SWEDEN

Department of Occupational Medicine
Sahlgrenska Universitetssjukhuset
St Sigfridsgatan 85
S-412 66 Göteborg

Dr. Herry Christian Ehrlich

GERMANY

Landesamt für Umweltschutz Sachsen-Anhalt
Reideburger Str.47
D-06116 Halle

Dr. Gerhard Petersen

GERMANY

GKSS-Research Centre
Institute of Hydrophysics
Model Systems Unit (GMS)
Max-Planck-Strasse 1
D-21502 Geesthacht

Dr. Rosalia Fernandez Patier

SPAIN

Instituto de Salud Carlos III
Madrid

Prof. Phillippe Grandjen

DENMARK

Institute of Public Health
University of Southern Denmark
Winsloewparken 17
DK-5000 Odense

Dr. Milena Horvat

SLOVENIA

Department of Environmental Sciences
Jozef Stefan Institute
Jamova 39
1000 Ljubljana

Dr. Ralph Ahrens

EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENT BUREAU (EEB)

BUND
Theodor Heuss Ring 26
50668 Köln
Germany

 

Dr. Jozef M. Pacyna

EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENT AGENCY (EEA)

Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU)
P.O. Box 100
Instituttveien 18
N-2007 Kjeller
NORWAY

Dr. Annette Borowiak

JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE (JRC)

EC Joint Research Centre
European Reference Laboratory of Air Pollution
T.P. 050
I – 21020 Ispra (VA)

Dr. Paolo Boffetta

WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION (WHO)

Unit of Environmental Cancer Epidemiology
International Agency for Research on Cancer
150, cours Albert-Thomas
69008 Lyon
France

Mrs. Marion Wichmann-Fiebig

EUROPEAN COMMISSION-DG ENVIRONMENT

DG Environment
Avenue de Beaulieu 5
Brussels